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1. The questions asked in this forum post are very interesting questions that still cause debate today. The Constitution answers the question about who has power for war in the first two articles. Article 1 section 8 clause 11 of the U.S. Constitution states that congress has the power “To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water”, while article 2 section 2 states that the President shall be commander in chief of the army and navy. These sections provide great separation of powers for declaring war, but what about when war is not declared and military action is needed? This issue was identified and addressed in the War Powers Resolution of 1973, which limits the President to introduce United States Armed Forces to hostilities in conflicts abroad when a declaration of war has not be declared. The resolution states the president must inform congress of all actions within 48 hours and can only have troops stationed for 60 days without an act of congress authorizing the use of military force or a declaration of war.