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Communication assignment

Directions: Please download this worksheet by saving the document to your own computer using the naming convention “COMMWK4Assgn+last name+first initial” as the Submission Title. The file name identifies you and indicates to your instructor that your worksheet is available to grade. Please fill in the answers in the boxes provided by TYPING in your answers. If you need more space than is provided, the box will expand as you write. So, no need to worry about space. Do not write your answers in a separate document because your instructor uses the rubric after each question to grade that section of this worksheet. You may use the rubric as a guide to make sure you completed that question correctly.

Section 1. Introduction

Using the directions in the blue part of each box, write an introduction for your week 5 full paper in the boxes below. Be sure to follow the directions in each box.

First write a sentence (or more if needed) to gradually introduce your reader to the topic of perception. Try to be creative and original. For instance, you could tell a brief story about how perception played a role in a situation from your own life.

The second part of a proper introduction is a thesis or purpose statement. In this worksheet, we will give you

the thesis. In your paper next week, you may choose to use this thesis or write your own. A possible thesis

for this paper would be:

This paper will help me to understand how perception works through doing an analysis of what three observers

declared were their perceptions of a photograph.

Finally, write a sentence or two that previews what your three main points for this paper will be. You have already been given the three main points. They are:

1) Explanation of the steps of the perception process.

2) Description of your observers and how their background might affect their perception of the world.

3) Analysis of the observers’ descriptions of the photo.

Here is an example of a good preview of these three main points:

In this paper, first I will explain the three step process of perception; second, I will provide a description of my three observers complete with an explanation as to how their backgrounds might affect their perceptions of the world. Finally, I will delve deeper into what these observers had to say about the photograph I showed them by analyzing their perceptions.

In space below, write a preview of main points in your own words.

For instructor use only.

Section 1 Comments

15 Points Total

· Did the opening clearly introduce the reader to the topic of the paper in a creative and original way? ______/5 points

· Was the preview sentence clear and did it follow the correct main points and order given? ______/5 points

· Were the parts of the introduction orderly and written in complete sentences? ______/5 points

Instructor Comments:

______/15 pts.

Section 2. Outline

There are a number of ways to outline a paper, and the Walden Writing Center has a page dedicated to this if you want to learn more: http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/318.htm. Below you will be taken through a step by step process to “fill in” sections of an outline in the boxes below. Of course most outlines won’t look like this (no boxes and no instructions on exactly what should go where), but hopefully this will give you an idea of how an outline should look so that you can use the idea of outlining in your future papers. Please be sure to write in complete sentences in the designated boxes below.

Outlines will normally use Roman Numerals (I, II, III and so forth). After the numbers, letters are used (A, B, C and so forth). Basic rules say that if you have a “I”, then you need to have a “II,” and if you have an “A,” then you must have a “B.” We will follow this format:

I. Introduction

II. Body

III. Conclusion

So, you already have the first section, the introduction, of this outline done. Below you will “fill-in” some parts about the “body” of the outline. The “body” refers to the majority of the paper. Be sure to follow the directions within each box.

II. Body

A. Main Point#1: Explanation of the steps of the perception process.

As described in Figure 3-1 in your textbook, explain the 3 steps of the perception process and give your own example for each of the steps involved.

In the spaces below, please give an abbreviated version of what you might write in the full paper for this section. For instance, you can just list the steps and give a one sentence description of your own example of each step. Remember, the boxes will expand as you write, so you do not need to worry about using only the space provided.

Step #1:

Step #2:

Step #3:

For instructor use only.

Main Point 1 Comments

15 Points Total

· Did the student provide an example for each step of perception? _____/15 points (5 points per step)

Instructor Comments:

______/15 pts.

B. Main Point #2: Description of your observers and how their background might affect their perception of the world.

In the spaces below, please list your observers and describe the following:

Their relationship to you (for example: mom, dad, friend, co-worker, etc.), their sex, their age, their occupation or work situation, a brief description of their overall attitude in life, and any other things you think are important to know about the person.

Then, please give a 1-2 sentence description for each person on how you think the background information you listed would make them perceive the world in a certain way. In the full paper, you can provide more detail.

Observer #1:

Observer #2:

Observer #3:

For instructor use only.

Main Point 2 Comments

15 Points Total

· Did the student give the required detail on 3 different observers? ______/15 points (5 points per observer)

Instructor Comments:

______/15 pts.

C. Main Point #3: Analysis of the observers’ descriptions of the photo.

At the end of this worksheet is a grid called the “Perception Analysis Grid.” You can use this to help you organize your observers’ descriptive words and use it to complete this section. It is there just as a tool to help you, you are not required to use it.

Select one term from each category (Selecting, Organizing and Interpreting—3 terms total) listed below that you plan to talk about in your analysis about your observers’ descriptions of the photo.

1. Please list the term you chose in each category.

2. Provide the word or phrase from at least one observer that fits with that term. Be sure to choose a different word from a different observer in each category.

3. Then provide a full sentence explanation of how you plan to apply the term to the word or phrase from your observer. In other words, provide a specific example.

For example (you may NOT use this example):

Salience, “big veins”

My observer #1 used the phrase “big veins” to describe the man in the photo. Observer #1 works in the field of nursing and is required to insert IV’s regularly. Thus, I chose to use the term “salience” to describe why she used the phrase “big veins” because her regular work with veins means the man’s big veins were “salient” to her.

In the full paper, then, you will also include the definition of the term AND give credit to the textbook for that definition.

Selecting: Choose from these terms: • salience • vividness • social learning •

Organizing: Choose from these terms: • stereotype • prototype • scripts • personal construct • perception shifts •

Interpreting: Choose from these terms: • assigning attributions • biases in attributions • closure • context •

For instructor use only.

Main Point 3 Comments

20 Points Total

· Did the student provide 3 terms and give at least a one sentence explanation of how each term might be used in the full paper? ______/15 points (5 points per term)

· Were the parts of each section in the body part of the outline orderly and written in complete sentences? ______/5 points

Instructor Comments:

______/20 pts.

III. Conclusion

First write a sentence (or more if needed) to “ease” your reader out of the overall idea of this paper on your experiment with the photograph. In other words, let your reader know you are “closing” the paper.

A review of the thesis for the paper would go here. In your paper next week, you may choose to use this thesis

or write your own. A possible thesis for this paper would be:

Through writing this paper, I have come to a better understanding of how each one of us will have different perceptions of just about anything. It really all depends on things such as our background and even our present state of mind.

Second, write one sentence for each main point that summarizes the most important idea of that main point. This is not the place to introduce new information.

In the full paper next week, you will want to end with something memorable.

Just like the opening, you want to try to be creative and original.

So, be thinking about what you will put in the final paper next week to give it a good ending.

For instructor use only.

Section 1 Comments

5 Points Total

· Did the closing ease the reader out of the paper clearly? ______/3 points

· Was the review sentence clear and did it follow the correct main points and order given? ______/2 points

Instructor Comments:

______/5 pts.

See below the Perception Analysis Grid for your total points earned.

Section 3. Perception Analysis Grid

This grid is not required for you to do. But you may find it helpful to fill out as you collect your observers’ descriptive words. It will help you keep the analysis organized as you fill out main point 3 above and for when you write the full paper next week.

DIRECTIONS: Place the descriptive terms you received from your observers in the first column. Then check off the columns (based on the different types of perception) that you think influenced your observer to notice that aspect of the picture. Be sure to watch the Perception Analysis Grid Demonstration in the Week 4 Learning Resources to help you understand how to fill out the worksheet. The basics are that each “descriptive word” should have one item checked off in each category (selecting, organizing and interpreting). While more than one of the terms in each category might fit the descriptive word from your observers, choose the one term in each category that BEST fits. So, you should end up with three terms checked off for each “descriptive word” from your observers.

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