1. Is this article evidence that we have a software crisis? How is aviation better off because of software engineering? What issues should be addressed during software development so that problems like this will be prevented in the future? 2. Explain the difference between errors, faults and failures. Give an example of error that leads to a fault in the requirements; the design; the code. Give an example of a fault in the requirements that leads to a failure. A fault in the design that leads to a failure. A fault in the test data that leads to a failure. 3. Give an example of problem analysis where the problem components are relatively simple, but the difficulty is solving the problem lies in the interconnections among sub-problem components. 4. Why can a count of false be a misleading measure of product quality 5. Many developers equate technical quality with overall product quality. Give an example of a product with high technical quality that is not considered high quality by the customer. Are there ethical issues involved in narrowing the view of quality to consider only technical quality? Use the Therac-25 example to illustrate your point. 6. Many organization buy commercial software, thinking it is cheaper than developing and maintaining software in-house. Describe the cons and pros of using COTs software. For example, what happens when if the COTS products are no longer supported by their vendors? What must the customer, user, and developer anticipate when developing a product that uses COTS software in larger system 7. What are the legal and ethical implications of using COTS software? Of using sub contractors. For example, who is responsible for fixing the problem when the major system fails as a result of fault in the COTS software? Who is liable when such systems cause harm to the users, directly (as when the automatic brakes fail in a car) or indirectly (as when the wrong information is supplied to another system as we saw in Exercise 1). What checks and balances are needed to ensure the quality of COTS system before it is integrated into a larger system? 8. The piccadilly television example, as illustrated in figure 1.17 contains great many rules and constraints. Discuss three of them and explain the pros and cons of keeping them outside the system boundary. 9. When the Ariane-5 rocket was destroyed, the news made headlines in France and else-where. Liberation, a French -newspaper, called it “A 37-billion-frane fireworks display” on the front page. In fact the explosion was front-page news in almost all European news-papers and headed the main evening news bulletins on most European TV networks. By contrast, the invasion by a hacker of Panix, a New-York based internet provider, forced the Panix system to close down for several hours. News of this event appeared only on the front page of business section of the Washington part. What is the responsibility of the press when reporting software-based incidents? How should the potential impact of software failures should be assessed and reported. a. Different languages can produce different numbers of lines of code for implementation of the same design b. Productivity in lines of code cannot be measured until implementation begins. c. Programmers may structure code to meet productivity goals

1.	Is this article evidence that we have a software crisis? How is aviation better off because of software engineering? What issues should be addressed during software development so that problems like this will be prevented in the future?

2.	Explain the difference between errors, faults and failures. Give an example of error that leads to a fault in the requirements; the design; the code. Give an example of a fault in the requirements that leads to a failure. A fault in the design that leads to a failure. A fault in the test data that leads to a failure. 
3.	Give an example of problem analysis where the problem components are relatively simple, but the difficulty is solving the problem lies in the interconnections among sub-problem components.
4.	Why can a count of false be a misleading measure of product quality
5.	Many developers equate technical quality with overall product quality. Give an example of a product with high technical quality that is not considered high quality by the customer. Are there ethical issues involved in narrowing the view of quality to consider only technical quality? Use the Therac-25 example to illustrate your point. 
6.	Many organization buy commercial software, thinking it is cheaper than developing and maintaining software in-house. Describe the cons and pros of using COTs software. For example, what happens when if the COTS products are no longer supported by their vendors? What must the customer, user, and developer anticipate when developing a product that uses COTS software in larger system
7.	What are the legal and ethical implications of using COTS software? Of using sub contractors. For example, who is responsible for fixing the problem when the major system fails as a result of fault in the COTS software? Who is liable when such systems cause harm to the users, directly (as when the automatic brakes fail in a car) or indirectly (as when the wrong information is supplied to another system as we saw in Exercise 1). What checks and balances are needed to ensure the quality of COTS system before it is integrated into a larger system? 
	

8.	The piccadilly television example, as illustrated in figure 1.17 contains great many rules and constraints. Discuss three of them and explain the pros and cons of keeping them outside the system boundary.

9.	When the Ariane-5 rocket was destroyed, the news made headlines in France and else-where. Liberation, a French -newspaper, called it “A 37-billion-frane fireworks display” on the front page. In fact the explosion was front-page news in almost all European news-papers and headed the main evening news bulletins on most European TV networks. By contrast, the invasion by a hacker of Panix, a New-York based internet provider, forced the Panix system to close down for several hours. News of this event appeared only on the front page of business section of the Washington part. What is the responsibility of the press when reporting software-based incidents? How should the potential impact of software failures should be assessed and reported.
a.	Different languages can produce different numbers of lines of code for implementation of the same design
b.	Productivity in lines of code cannot be measured until implementation begins.
c.	Programmers may structure code to meet productivity goals

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Assignment Guidelines For this Discussion Board assignment, you should use the library and course materials to complete the following: Research quality assurance considerations for system integration choices (starting with your nonfunctional requirements). Compile a list of 5–7 quality assurance categories, and discuss how they will be evaluated in the capstone project. Provide details about evaluation methods that could be utilized to assure quality. Select and discuss why 1 of these methods will best support quality assurance for your integration project. Post a new topic to the Discussion Board that contains your responses from the steps listed above

Assignment Guidelines
For this Discussion Board assignment, you should use the library and course materials to complete the following:

    Research quality assurance considerations for system integration choices (starting with your nonfunctional requirements).
    Compile a list of 5–7 quality assurance categories, and discuss how they will be evaluated in the capstone project.
    Provide details about evaluation methods that could be utilized to assure quality.
    Select and discuss why 1 of these methods will best support quality assurance for your integration project. 

Post a new topic to the Discussion Board that contains your responses from the steps listed above

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1. Pfleeger and Hatton (1997) examined the quality of a system that had been specified using formal methods. They found that the system was unusually well-structured and easy to test. They speculated that the high quality was due to the thoroughness of the specification, not necessarily its formality. How could you design a study to determine whether it is formality or thoroughness that leads to high quality? 2. For each of the systems described below, sketch an appropriate software architecture and explain how you would assign key functionalities to the designs components. a. A system of automated banking machines, acting as distributed kiosks that bank customers can use to deposit and withdraw cash from their accounts b. A news feeder that notifies each user of news bulletins on topics in which the user has expressed an interest c. Imagin-processing software that allows users to apply various operations to modify their pictures (e.g., rotation, color tinting, cropping) d. A weather forecasting application that analyzes tens of thousands of data elements collected from various sensors; the sensors periodically transmit new data values

1.	Pfleeger and Hatton (1997) examined the quality of a system that had been specified using formal methods. They found that the system was unusually well-structured and easy to test. They speculated that the high quality was due to the thoroughness of the specification, not necessarily its formality. How could you design a study to determine whether it is formality or thoroughness that leads to high quality?

2.	For each of the systems described below, sketch an appropriate software architecture and explain how you would assign key functionalities to the designs components. 
a.	A system of automated banking machines, acting as distributed kiosks that bank customers can use to deposit and withdraw cash from their accounts
b.	A news feeder that notifies each user of news bulletins on topics in which the user has expressed an interest
c.	Imagin-processing software that allows users to apply various operations to modify their pictures (e.g., rotation, color tinting, cropping)
d.	A weather forecasting application that analyzes tens of thousands of data elements collected from various sensors; the sensors periodically transmit new data values

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7. Manny’s Manufacturing must decide whether to build or buy a software package to keep track of its inventories. Manny’s computer experts estimate that it will cost $325,000 to buy the necessary programs. To build the programs in-house, programmers will cost $5000 each per month. What factors should Manny consider in making his decision? When is it better to build? To buy? 8. Brooks says that adding people to a late project makes it even later (Brooks 1975).Some schedule-estimation techniques seem to indicate that adding people to a project can shorten development time. Is this a contradiction? Why or not? 9. Many studies indicate that two of the major reason that a project is late is changing of requirements (called requirements volatility or instability) and employee turnover. Review the cost model discussed in this chapter, plus any you may use on your job, and determine which models have cost factors that reflect the effect of this reason. 10. Explain why it takes longer to develop a utility program than an applications program and longer still to develop a system program. 11. Even on your student projects, there are many significant risks to your finishing the project on time. Analyze a student software development and list the risks. What is the risk exposure? What technique can you use to mitigate each risk? 12. Many project managers plan their schedule based on programmer productivity on past projects. This productivity is often measured in terms of unit of size per unit of time. For example, an organization may produce 300 lines of code per day or 1200 application points per month. Is it possible to measure productivity in this way? Discuss the measurement of productivity in term of the following issues

7.	Manny’s Manufacturing must decide whether to build or buy a software package to keep track of its inventories. Manny’s computer experts estimate that it will cost $325,000 to buy the necessary programs. To build the programs in-house, programmers will cost $5000 each per month. What factors should Manny consider in making his decision? When is it better to build? To buy?
8.	Brooks says that adding people to a late project makes it even later (Brooks 1975).Some schedule-estimation techniques seem to indicate that adding people to a project can shorten development time. Is this a contradiction? Why or not?
9.	Many studies indicate that two of the major reason that a project is late is changing of requirements (called requirements volatility or instability) and employee turnover. Review the cost model discussed in this chapter, plus any you may use on your job, and determine which models have cost factors that reflect the effect of this reason.
10.	Explain why it takes longer to develop a utility program than an applications program and longer still to develop a system program. 
11.	Even on your student projects, there are many significant risks to your finishing the project on time. Analyze a student software development and list the risks. What is the risk exposure? What technique can you use to mitigate each risk?
12.	Many project managers plan their schedule based on programmer productivity on past projects. This productivity is often measured in terms of unit of size per unit of time. For example, an organization may produce 300 lines of code per day or 1200 application points per month. Is it possible to measure productivity in this way? Discuss the measurement of productivity in term of the following issues

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Assignment Type: Individual Project Deliverable Length: 7–10 pages Points Possible: 125 You are now ready to start representing your system integration project by utilizing a system integration framework, which you researched as part of your Discussion Board assignment. You will also decide which components you might want to acquire and which components you want develop internally. Assignment Guidelines For this week’s assignment, you will be providing detail on the overall system integration architecture and the implementation framework. New Content Proposed System Integration Components Architecture Thoroughly describe the architecture of the proposed integrated system, including all interfaces and components for the system integration and deployment. Represent this architecture diagrammatically. Discuss which components and interfaces could be acquired and those that need to be developed from scratch. Implementation Framework Select and describe in detail the framework that you used to define and implement the system integration project. Define the project in terms of the selected framework. Discuss advantages for using the selected framework. Discuss integration challenges that were highlighted by defining the framework. Make sure that the document is in APA format. Submit the document for grading.

Assignment Type: Individual Project   Deliverable Length: 7–10 pages   
Points Possible: 125     

You are now ready to start representing your system integration project by utilizing a system integration framework, which you researched as part of your Discussion Board assignment. You will also decide which components you might want to acquire and which components you want develop internally.
Assignment Guidelines
For this week’s assignment, you will be providing detail on the overall system integration architecture and the implementation framework.

    New Content
        Proposed System Integration Components Architecture
            Thoroughly describe the architecture of the proposed integrated system, including all interfaces and components for the system integration and deployment.
            Represent this architecture diagrammatically.
            Discuss which components and interfaces could be acquired and those that need to be developed from scratch. 
        Implementation Framework
            Select and describe in detail the framework that you used to define and implement the system integration project.
            Define the project in terms of the selected framework.
            Discuss advantages for using the selected framework.
            Discuss integration challenges that were highlighted by defining the framework. 
    Make sure that the document is in APA format.
    Submit the document for grading.

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Jesse James, a 20-year old, was arrested for killing a police officer. As a newly elected prosecutor, you are responsible for prosecuting Mr. James. You announce your decision not to seek the death penalty in this case, but under your state’s law, the offense charged is considered special circumstances, which would qualify as a death penalty case. Your decision does not sit well with the law enforcement community. Assignment Guidelines List the various hearings that will typically occur and how the case is affected by each event. Provide an overview of the various courts in the typical state system where Mr. James will appear and why he is appearing there, from arraignment to trial and the various levels of appeal. Be sure to provide specific information as it relates to any constitutional issues that may be raised at each stage in the process. What are the potential hearings that might be involved in this case? Be sure to describe them from the time of arrest through appeal. What are the relevant civil liberties issues pertaining to the 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, and 14th Amendments present in this case? Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

Jesse James, a 20-year old, was arrested for killing a police officer. As a newly elected prosecutor, you are responsible for prosecuting Mr. James. You announce your decision not to seek the death penalty in this case, but under your state’s law, the offense charged is considered special circumstances, which would qualify as a death penalty case. Your decision does not sit well with the law enforcement community.

Assignment Guidelines

    • List the various hearings that will typically occur and how the case is affected by each event.
    • Provide an overview of the various courts in the typical state system where Mr. James will appear and why he is appearing there, from arraignment to trial and the various levels of appeal. Be sure to provide specific information as it relates to any constitutional issues that may be raised at each stage in the process.
    • What are the potential hearings that might be involved in this case? Be sure to describe them from the time of arrest through appeal.
    • What are the relevant civil liberties issues pertaining to the 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, and 14th Amendments present in this case?
  • Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

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research in LexisNexis or online, an article or news story regarding a recent challenge American courts are facing. You article may be concerning local, state or federal courts. Please make sure you summarize your article for the class and then answer the following questions: 1. Why are the Courts facing the challenges discussed in the article? 2. What challenges will Courts face in the future? 3. What can be done to resolve these challenges? *Don’t forget to include a Bluebook citation for your article. You must respond to at least two of your classmates in addition to submitting your initial posting. You are required to cite your text and do some outside research and also to cite your references to receive full credit for this assignment. Your initial postings should be 500 words in length, and your two responses to classmates must be 250 words each in length.

research in LexisNexis or online, an article or news story regarding a recent challenge American courts are facing. You article may be concerning local, state or federal courts. Please make sure you summarize your article for the class and then answer the following questions:

1. Why are the Courts facing the challenges discussed in the article?

2. What challenges will Courts face in the future?

3. What can be done to resolve these challenges?

*Don’t forget to include a Bluebook citation for your article.

You must respond to at least two of your classmates in addition to submitting your initial posting. You are required to cite your text and do some outside research and also to cite your references to receive full credit for this assignment. Your initial postings should be 500 words in length, and your two responses to classmates must be 250 words each in length.

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Read Chapters 27 and 28 along with George H.W. Bush’s Gulf War Address. Once all reading is complete, respond to the following items: Although most of this speech focuses on Iraq and Kuwait, what domestic issues does President Bush also address? How are those issues linked to the situation in Iraq? Which counties does Bush identify specifically as working closely with the United States? Why might he focus on these countries? Ultimately, according to Bush, why is intervention in Kuwait necessary?

Read Chapters 27 and 28 along with George H.W. Bush’s Gulf War Address. Once all reading is complete, respond to the following items:

  • Although most of this speech focuses on Iraq and Kuwait, what domestic issues does President Bush also address? How are those issues linked to the situation in Iraq?
  • Which counties does Bush identify specifically as working closely with the United States? Why might he focus on these countries?
  • Ultimately, according to Bush, why is intervention in Kuwait necessary?

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In addition to the questions being answered can you also include a thorough sentence outline for this paper? In the year 2100, there was a young man named Jim who could travel through time. This young man has had serious infractions with the juvenile justice system. He has decided to travel back through time to start his life over. He has a choice of two time periods. One is during the colonial period of America, and the other is during the early 21st century. Knowing Jim’s propensity for finding trouble, what would happen to him if he committed the crime of breaking and entering with the aggravating circumstances of assault during the colonial period? What would happen to him if he committed the same crime in the 21st century? This assignment will cover the history of the juvenile justice system, juvenile courts, and corrections, as well as theories that would be related to Jim and treatment options during both periods of time. Assignment Guidelines What would happen to him if he committed the crime of breaking and entering with the aggravating circumstances of assault during the colonial period? Explain in detail. List the punishments and the reasons for why they are given. List any theories that may be relevant to the topic. What would happen to him if he committed the same crime in the 21st century? Explain in detail. List the punishments and the reasons for why they are given. List any theories that may be relevant to the topic. Explain the procedure of the criminal justice system during both periods of time. Will diversion be relevant during both periods of time? Will there be preventive options during both periods of time? Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

In addition to the questions being answered can you also include a thorough sentence outline for this paper?

In the year 2100, there was a young man named Jim who could travel through time. This young man has had serious infractions with the juvenile justice system. He has decided to travel back through time to start his life over.

He has a choice of two time periods. One is during the colonial period of America, and the other is during the early 21st century. Knowing Jim’s propensity for finding trouble, what would happen to him if he committed the crime of breaking and entering with the aggravating circumstances of assault during the colonial period? What would happen to him if he committed the same crime in the 21st century? This assignment will cover the history of the juvenile justice system, juvenile courts, and corrections, as well as theories that would be related to Jim and treatment options during both periods of time.

Assignment Guidelines

    • What would happen to him if he committed the crime of breaking and entering with the aggravating circumstances of assault during the colonial period? Explain in detail.
      • List the punishments and the reasons for why they are given.
      • List any theories that may be relevant to the topic.
    • What would happen to him if he committed the same crime in the 21st century? Explain in detail.
      • List the punishments and the reasons for why they are given.
      • List any theories that may be relevant to the topic.
    • Explain the procedure of the criminal justice system during both periods of time.
    • Will diversion be relevant during both periods of time? Will there be preventive options during both periods of time?
  • Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

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Assignment 2: Required Assignment 1—Intercultural Employee Motivation and Rewards Culture plays a major role in the motivation of employees. Consider that though you have a mix of ethnicities on your team, you also need to be aware of cultural differences including gender, generation, and other categories of human differences. Write an 8–10-page report on employee motivation, including a recommendation for an employee reward system that will meet the needs of the variety of cultural groups you manage based on the following motivation factors: Job security Professional development Job performance Goal setting Employee recognition Compensation Discuss employee motivation as it relates to culture, and consider how you might develop a reward system that recognizes diversity and is equitable and legally sound. Support your recommendations with scholarly references. Write an 8–10-page report in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M3_A2.doc. By Wednesday, August 2, 2017, deliver your assignment to the M3: Assignment 2 Dropbox. Assignment 2 Grading Criteria Maximum Points Wrote a report that included a recommendation for an employee reward system that will meet the management needs of the variety of cultural groups based on the factors listed. 80 Evaluated employee motivation as it relates to culture and described ways to develop a reward system that recognizes diversity and is equitable and legally sound. 80 Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation. 40 Total: 200

Assignment 2: Required Assignment 1—Intercultural Employee Motivation and Rewards

 

Culture plays a major role in the motivation of employees. Consider that though you have a mix of ethnicities on your team, you also need to be aware of cultural differences including gender, generation, and other categories of human differences.

 

Write an 8–10-page report on employee motivation, including a recommendation for an employee reward system that will meet the needs of the variety of cultural groups you manage based on the following motivation factors:

 

  1. Job security
  2. Professional development
  3. Job performance
  4. Goal setting
  5. Employee recognition
  6. Compensation

 

Discuss employee motivation as it relates to culture, and consider how you might develop a reward system that recognizes diversity and is equitable and legally sound. Support your recommendations with scholarly references.

 

Write an 8–10-page report in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M3_A2.doc.

 

By Wednesday, August 2, 2017, deliver your assignment to the M3: Assignment 2 Dropbox.

 

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria

Maximum Points

Wrote a report that included a recommendation for an employee reward system that will meet the management needs of the variety of cultural groups based on the factors listed.

80

Evaluated employee motivation as it relates to culture and described ways to develop a reward system that recognizes diversity and is equitable and legally sound.

80

Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

40

Total:

200

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