1. How did the theory of biogenesis lead the way for the germ theory of disease?
2. In 1864, Lister observed that patients recovered completely from simple fractures, but compound fractures had “disastrous consequences.” He knew that the application of phenol (carbolic acid) to fields in the town of Carlisle prevented cattle disease. In 1864, Lister treated compound fractures with phenol, and his patients recovered without complications. How was Lister influenced by Pasteur’s work? Why was Koch’s work still needed?