IEP stands for individualized education program. It’s written for a child with a disability that is developed, reviewed, and revised in a meeting in keeping with certain requirements of law and regulations. It is made to set annual goals and to state the special education and related services and supplementary aids and services that the public agency will provide to, or on behalf of, the child. Each IEP has the following sections: Present levels which determine how well the student is doing currently in class. Annual goals which are set based on the child’s needs. Benchmark or short term objectives which are required only for children with disabilities who take alternate assessments aligned to alternate achievement standards Measuring and reporting progress determines how progress towards annual goals will be measured Special Education states the special education that will be provided to the child Related services are areas where the child may need extra help Supplementary Aids and Services aid in a child’s performance Program Modifications for School Personnel includes modifiers that can/will be provided Extent of Non-Participation includes explanation of the extent to which the child will not participate with nondisabled children in the regular class and in other school settings and activities Accommodations in Assessment deals with students having to take assessments and whether or not the IEP team thinks the student needs accommodations Service Delivery determines when the child when will receive services Transition Planning determines designing plans to transition to post-secondary school Age of Majority deals with a statement that the student has been told about the rights (if any) that will transfer to him or her at age of majority The family plays a big role in the IEP process. They would need to be present in every meeting to make sure that their students’ needs are being met. They also need to be apart of helping create the IEP. They should be able to monitor progress with their child throughout the year.

IEP stands for individualized education program. It’s written for a child with a disability that is developed, reviewed, and revised in a meeting in keeping with certain requirements of law and regulations. It is made to set annual goals and to state the special education and related services and supplementary aids and services that the public agency will provide to, or on behalf of, the child. Each IEP has the following sections:

Present levels which determine how well the student is doing currently in class. Annual goals which are set based on the child’s needs. Benchmark or short term objectives which are required only for children with disabilities who take alternate assessments aligned to alternate achievement standards Measuring and reporting progress determines how progress towards annual goals will be measured Special Education states the special education that will be provided to the child Related services are areas where the child may need extra help Supplementary Aids and Services aid in a child’s performance Program Modifications for School Personnel includes modifiers that can/will be provided Extent of Non-Participation includes explanation of the extent to which the child will not participate with nondisabled children in the regular class and in other school settings and activities Accommodations in Assessment deals with students having to take assessments and whether or not the IEP team thinks the student needs accommodations Service Delivery determines when the child when will receive services Transition Planning determines designing plans to transition to post-secondary school Age of Majority deals with a statement that the student has been told about the rights (if any) that will transfer to him or her at age of majority The family plays a big role in the IEP process. They would need to be present in every meeting to make sure that their students’ needs are being met. They also need to be apart of helping create the IEP. They should be able to monitor progress with their child throughout the year.

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According to IDEA, (Keuhne,1998) the terms Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) means an educational location for students a) the legal ramification of the LRE provision as mandated by IDEA, (b) the relative and dynamic properties of LRE, and (c) the collaborative dimension of implementing LRE for students in special education. Ricky the nine year old little boy mention in the article needed Least Restrictive Environment in order to have the same learning opportunities of education as the other students. Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) according to IDEA describe the educational rights of children with disabilities in the United States? This right is guaranteed by the Rehabilitation Act of 1993 and the Individual and Disabilities Education Act (IDEA.) This laws assures all students with disabilities to be given free appropriate public education. As stated in the article about Keller, (Karlins 2015) and Dr. Bolotin from (Perlman, 2007), they utilized their goals and opportunities for education and reached their highest potential. Keller who lost her vision and hearing used her opportunity to learn and became a world-renoowned activist speaking publicly on behalf of others and Dr. Bolotin the first blind doctor to graduate from college in 1912 confirms that we all have abilities and purpose. The legal ramification of the LRE provision as mandated by IDEA, gives children extra time and modified lessons, and assessments in order to give them a fair chance to complete and comprehend their curriculum. According (www.kidstogether.org (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.) inclusion fit into the big picture of LRE by helping students to integrate into community with family and friends. They develop relationships and collaborate with role models for academic social and behavior skills. Inclusions help students to have access to general curriculum, differentiated optional appropriate activities and enhance their skills and increase in higher expectations with support teams. In my own personal experiences of being a part of an IEP team for a student where LRE, FAPE was when I attended IEP meeting for my adopted children as their advocate to make sure all basis was covered for them as they engaged in special education service. All four of these children was diagnoses with a mild mental retardation, and it was decided by the school team which consisted of the guardian, (myself), general teacher, special education teacher, specials teacher, principle, and school psychologist. We collaborated and came to the conclusion that these students would benefit more if they where in LRE. Turnbull, A., Turnbull, R., Wehmeyer, M.L., & Shogren, K.A. (2016). Exceptional lives: Special education in today’s schools (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River. Pearson. Keuhne, C.C. (1998). Least restrictive environment: How do we prepare both our special educators and our general educators to comply with the provision? LD Online. Retrieved from http://www.ldonline.org/article/6083

According to IDEA, (Keuhne,1998) the terms Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) means an educational location for students a) the legal ramification of the LRE provision as mandated by IDEA, (b) the relative and dynamic properties of LRE, and (c) the collaborative dimension of implementing LRE for students in special education. Ricky the nine year old little boy mention in the article needed Least Restrictive Environment in order to have the same learning opportunities of education as the other students.

Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) according to IDEA describe the educational rights of children with disabilities in the United States? This right is guaranteed by the Rehabilitation Act of 1993 and the Individual and Disabilities Education Act (IDEA.) This laws assures all students with disabilities to be given free appropriate public education. As stated in the article about Keller, (Karlins 2015) and Dr. Bolotin from (Perlman, 2007), they utilized their goals and opportunities for education and reached their highest potential. Keller who lost her vision and hearing used her opportunity to learn and became a world-renoowned activist speaking publicly on behalf of others and Dr. Bolotin the first blind doctor to graduate from college in 1912 confirms that we all have abilities and purpose.

The legal ramification of the LRE provision as mandated by IDEA, gives children extra time and modified lessons, and assessments in order to give them a fair chance to complete and comprehend their curriculum.

According (www.kidstogether.org (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.) inclusion fit into the big picture of LRE by helping students to integrate into community with family and friends. They develop relationships and collaborate with role models for academic social and behavior skills. Inclusions help students to have access to general curriculum, differentiated optional appropriate activities and enhance their skills and increase in higher expectations with support teams.

In my own personal experiences of being a part of an IEP team for a student where LRE, FAPE was when I attended IEP meeting for my adopted children as their advocate to make sure all basis was covered for them as they engaged in special education service. All four of these children was diagnoses with a mild mental retardation, and it was decided by the school team which consisted of the guardian, (myself), general teacher, special education teacher, specials teacher, principle, and school psychologist. We collaborated and came to the conclusion that these students would benefit more if they where in LRE.

Turnbull, A., Turnbull, R., Wehmeyer, M.L., & Shogren, K.A. (2016). Exceptional lives: Special education in today’s schools (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River. Pearson.

Keuhne, C.C. (1998). Least restrictive environment: How do we prepare both our special educators and our general educators to comply with the provision? LD Online. Retrieved from http://www.ldonline.org/article/6083

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ASSIGNMENT 04 S08 Psychology of Personality Directions: Be sure to save an electronic copy of your answer before submitting it to Ashworth College for grading. Unless otherwise stated, answer in complete sentences, and be sure to use correct English, spelling, and grammar. Sources must be cited in APA format. Your response should be four (4) double‐spaced pages; refer to the “Format Requirementsʺ page for specific format requirements. In lessons one through four, you learned foundational information concerning personality psychology. This written assignment in particular, will demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of several theories of personality. ⦁ Choose two (2) theoretical perspectives of personality from the following list. Write at least one paragraph for each perspective that defines and describes the perspective and its key concepts. ⦁ Trait perspective ⦁ Motive perspective ⦁ Genetics, evolution, and personality perspective ⦁ Biological processes and personality perspective ⦁ Compare and contrast the two (2) perspectives selected in the previous question, describing the benefits and drawbacks of each perspective. Use the text and the additional readings in each lesson to assist you with developing your responses. Additional external resources from peer-reviewed journal articles may also be utilized.

ASSIGNMENT 04 S08 Psychology of Personality Directions: Be sure to save an electronic copy of your answer before submitting it to Ashworth College for grading. Unless otherwise stated, answer in complete sentences, and be sure to use correct English, spelling, and grammar. Sources must be cited in APA format. Your response should be four (4) double‐spaced pages; refer to the “Format Requirementsʺ page for specific format requirements.

In lessons one through four, you learned foundational information concerning personality psychology. This written assignment in particular, will demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of several theories of personality.

⦁ Choose two (2) theoretical perspectives of personality from the following list. Write at least one paragraph for each perspective that defines and describes the perspective and its key concepts. ⦁ Trait perspective ⦁ Motive perspective ⦁ Genetics, evolution, and personality perspective ⦁ Biological processes and personality perspective

⦁ Compare and contrast the two (2) perspectives selected in the previous question, describing the benefits and drawbacks of each perspective. Use the text and the additional readings in each lesson to assist you with developing your responses. Additional external resources from peer-reviewed journal articles may also be utilized.

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ASSIGNMENT 08 S08 Psychology of Personality Directions: Be sure to save an electronic copy of your answer before submitting it to Ashworth College for grading. Unless otherwise stated, answer in complete sentences, and be sure to use correct English, spelling, and grammar. Sources must be cited in APA format. Your response should be four (4) double‐spaced pages; refer to the “Format Requirementsʺ page for specific format requirements. In lessons five through eight, you learned additional information concerning personality psychology. This written assignment will allow you to apply practical concepts learned from lessons five, six, seven, and eight, combined with concepts learned from lessons one through four. You may also incorporate relevant peer-reviewed journal articles to help provide support for your selected response. Given that social media is a huge part of daily life with nearly 70% of adults using some type of social media platform, one can only wonder if there are any personality factors that influence social media use. ⦁ Based on your knowledge of the major personality theories, what personality factors and/or traits are associated with individuals’ social media use? Be sure to select at least one (1) of the following theoretical perspectives of personality when forming your response. ⦁ Trait perspective ⦁ Motive perspective ⦁ Genetics, evolution, biological processes, and personality perspective ⦁ Psychoanalytic perspective ⦁ Psychosocial perspective ⦁ Learning perspective ⦁ Self-actualization perspective ⦁ Self-determination perspective ⦁ Cognitive perspective ⦁ Self-regulation perspective ⦁ Discuss how those personality factors identified in Question 1 influence how and why people use social media.

ASSIGNMENT 08 S08 Psychology of Personality Directions: Be sure to save an electronic copy of your answer before submitting it to Ashworth College for grading. Unless otherwise stated, answer in complete sentences, and be sure to use correct English, spelling, and grammar. Sources must be cited in APA format. Your response should be four (4) double‐spaced pages; refer to the “Format Requirementsʺ page for specific format requirements.

In lessons five through eight, you learned additional information concerning personality psychology. This written assignment will allow you to apply practical concepts learned from lessons five, six, seven, and eight, combined with concepts learned from lessons one through four. You may also incorporate relevant peer-reviewed journal articles to help provide support for your selected response.

Given that social media is a huge part of daily life with nearly 70% of adults using some type of social media platform, one can only wonder if there are any personality factors that influence social media use.

⦁ Based on your knowledge of the major personality theories, what personality factors and/or traits are associated with individuals’ social media use? Be sure to select at least one (1) of the following theoretical perspectives of personality when forming your response. ⦁ Trait perspective ⦁ Motive perspective ⦁ Genetics, evolution, biological processes, and personality perspective ⦁ Psychoanalytic perspective ⦁ Psychosocial perspective ⦁ Learning perspective ⦁ Self-actualization perspective ⦁ Self-determination perspective ⦁ Cognitive perspective ⦁ Self-regulation perspective

⦁ Discuss how those personality factors identified in Question 1 influence how and why people use social media.

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Purpose of Assignment This assignment will introduce students to the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data and provide students with the skills to calculate inflation and interpret the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Note: The BLS is the primary source of information on inflation, but their data is re-posted in other sources, such as the St. Louis Federal Reserve FRED site, among others. Assignment Steps Resources: Tutorial help on Excel® and Word functions can be found on the Microsoft® Office website. There are also additional tutorials via the web offering support for Office products. Use an internet search or the University Library to locate information on the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Internet sites you might find useful include the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and the Federal Reserve of St. Louis FRED web site although you are allowed to use other sources. Develop a minimum 700-word analysis of inflation by including the following: Choose a product or service you currently consume/use, such as apparel or educational services, that is included in the CPI’s “market basket.” Find the annual CPI index numbers for your chosen good or service for the years 1995, 2005, 2010, and 2015. Enter those index numbers in an Excel® file and calculate the percent change (inflation rates) in those index numbers from 1995 to 2005, from 1995 to 2010, and from 1995 to 2015. Analyze the trends in overall inflation over the last five years and whether your income has kept pace with inflation. How has inflation over the last five years affected you and/or your family? Discuss how a business manager, such as a human resources manager, might use CPI statistics. Cite a minimum of three scholarly, peer-reviewed references. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Purpose of Assignment

This assignment will introduce students to the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data and provide students with the skills to calculate inflation and interpret the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Note: The BLS is the primary source of information on inflation, but their data is re-posted in other sources, such as the St. Louis Federal Reserve FRED site, among others.

Assignment Steps

Resources: Tutorial help on Excel® and Word functions can be found on the Microsoft® Office website. There are also additional tutorials via the web offering support for Office products.

Use an internet search or the University Library to locate information on the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Internet sites you might find useful include the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and the Federal Reserve of St. Louis FRED web site although you are allowed to use other sources.

Develop a minimum 700-word analysis of inflation by including the following:

  • Choose a product or service you currently consume/use, such as apparel or educational services, that is included in the CPI’s “market basket.” Find the annual CPI index numbers for your chosen good or service for the years 1995, 2005, 2010, and 2015. Enter those index numbers in an Excel® file and calculate the percent change (inflation rates) in those index numbers from 1995 to 2005, from 1995 to 2010, and from 1995 to 2015.
  • Analyze the trends in overall inflation over the last five years and whether your income has kept pace with inflation. How has inflation over the last five years affected you and/or your family?
  • Discuss how a business manager, such as a human resources manager, might use CPI statistics.

Cite a minimum of three scholarly, peer-reviewed references.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

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Question description 39. _____ change is a change in the organization’s product or service outputs. a. Technology b. Product c. Entrepreneurship d. Creative e. Incremental 40. Left-Right Industries employs a diverse set of individuals with strong personalities. Unfortunately, this means that there is a great deal of interpersonal disagreement among employees. What organizational tool would work best in this circumstance to manage conflict? a. Organizational development b. Skunkwork c. Telecommuting d. Downsizing e. Small-group innovation 41. Salta Communications is a global telecommunications company that has operations on four continents. The CEO’s direct supervisors include VPs for the North American South American, European, and the Asian divisions. Salta can best be described as using what organizational structure? a. Network b. Matrix c. Functional d. Divisional e. Geographic 42. Which of the following refers to a major shift in the norms, values, attitudes, and mindset of the entire organization? a. Organization change b. Organization development c. People change d. Culture change e. Artifact change 43. Will explains to his boss that his computer has a virus, and needs to be scanned and cleaned. This is an example of which topic of upward communication? a. Problems and exceptions b. Suggestions for improvement c. Performance reports d. Grievances and disputes e. Financial and accounting information 44. In the process of implementing the balanced scorecard approach at his company, operations manager Seth Howard wonders whether internal activities and processes add value for customers and shareholders. This involves which dimension of the balanced scorecard? a. Customers b. Learning and growth c. Financials d. External business processes e. Internal business processes 45. Ahmad is a new manager at AJ Homes Company. He has absolutely no experience as a manager nor does he know the technology of his department well. These two factors prevent Ahmad from directing his workforce. This is an example of _____ impacting leadership styles and behaviors. a. substitutes b. neutralizers c. contingencies d. citizenship e. transformation 46. Which of the following is(are) an advantage of team structure? a. Increased barriers among departments b. Unplanned decentralization c. Time and resources spent on meetings d. Less response time, quicker decisions e. All of these 47. Smileline Inc. has an onsite daycare facility and provides employees fulltime daycare at a very low cost. The company implemented this years ago when managers realized that childcare responsibilities were contributing to high turnover and absenteeism. This example highlights which dividend of workplace diversity? a. Better use of employee talent b. Increased understanding of the marketplace c. Increased quality of team problem solving d. Enhanced breadth of understanding in leadership positions e. Reduced costs associated with high turnover, absenteeism, and lawsuits 48. All of the following are questions relevant to human resource planning EXCEPT: a. “What is the current turnover rate?” b. “What is the volume of business expected to be over the next five years?” c. “What was the volume of business over the past five years?” d. “How will new technology affect the organization?” e. All of these are relevant questions for human resource planning. 49. According to the situational theory of Hersey and Blanchard, which of the following leader styles matches up best with low readiness subordinates? a. Delegating style b. Selling style c. Telling style d. Participating style e. None of these 50. Communication is defined by the text as the process by which information is: a. shared. b. exchanged and understood by two or more people, usually with the intent to motivate or influence behavior. c. received. d. transmitted to others. e. stored. 51. Which of the following is tied to the goal of managing talent in organizations? a. Labor relations b. Job analysis c. Wages and salary d. HRM planning e. Training and development 52. Which of the following is not a way to facilitate innovation in an organization? a. Skunkworks b. New-venture team c. Crowdsourcing d. New-venture fund e. Centralized marketing 53. Artie’s Pretzels is a small but well-known company that receives thousands of job applications every year, though it only fills about 50 positions annually. Company managers have learned that Artie’s human resource practices are one of the driving factors that attract potential employees. Artie’s Pretzels is an example of: a. a contingency employer. b. an employer of options. c. an employer of choice. d. an employer of necessity. e. a telecommuter-friendly employer. 54. From the employer’s viewpoint, which of these is part of new social contract? a. Standard training programs b. Limited information c. Incentive compensation d. Routine jobs 55. Wilson is viewed by his boss as driven, tenacious, and hardworking in the pursuit of his goals. These characteristics fit within which category? a. Physical characteristics b. Intelligence and ability c. Work-related characteristics d. Social background e. Social characteristics 56. Total quality management: a. is based on the ideas of Frederick Taylor. b. gives managers total responsibility for achieving quality goals. c. gives all employees the responsibility for achieving quality goals. d. was first successfully implemented in the United States. e. is all of these. 57. Kara and Simon are both middle managers at Gotcha International. Kara is dissatisfied because she knows that Simon makes more in salary even though, in Kara’s opinion, she works longer hours than he does. If Kara wishes to reduce this perceived inequity, what should she do? a. She could reduce the number of hours she works. b. She could increase her level of absenteeism. c. She could ask for a raise. d. All of these. e. She could reduce the number of hours she works and she could ask for a raise only. 58. Flash Card Inc. recently underwent a significant company-wide change that involved revision of its manufacturing and leadership processes. The result of this was a stronger emphasis on horizontal coordination. This level of change is referred to as _____. a. reorganization b. reengineering c. e-engineering d. strategic planning e. corporate structuring 59. Sandra views herself as a tough but fair supervisor. She gives explicit directions to her subordinates about how tasks should be accomplished, but is not always approachable when they come to her with questions. Her employees sometimes feel that she is too gruff and impersonal. Which category on the situational leadership grid does Sandra fit into? a. Following style b. Delegating style c. Participating style d. Telling style e. Selling style 60. Stella, a systems manager for a large technology company, would like to get an understanding of her company’s financial position with respect to assets and liabilities at the end of the fiscal year. Which financial statement should she refer to? a. Income statement b. Activity ratio c. TQM report d. Balance sheet e. Balance scorecard. .61, Managing emotion is a basic component of emotional intelligence. Which of the following best describes managing emotions? a. It is the basis for all the other components; being aware of what you are feeling. b. It is the ability to balance one’s moods so that worry, anxiety, fear, or anger do not cloud thinking. c. It is the ability to be hopeful and to persist in the face of obstacles. d. It is the ability to be able to put yourself in someone else’s shoes. e. It is the ability to connect to others and build positive relationships. 62. _____ refers to the activities undertaken to attract, develop, and maintain an effective workforce within an organization. a. Human resource management b. Recruitment c. Talent search d. Strategic management e. Operations management 63. The forming stage of team development is characterized by: a. the establishment of order and cohesion. b. cooperation. c. problem solving. d. orientation. e. conflict. 64. Swift Move Facilities manufacturers two different bicycle models. The company produces a high volume of products using standardized production runs. The company does very little product customization. Swift Move uses what type of technology structure? a. Service production b. Mass production c. Large-batch production d. Small-batch production e. Continuous process production 65. Global companies often use a _____ structure to achieve simultaneous coordination of products across countries. a. functional b. divisional c. matrix d. product-based e. process-based 66. Which of the following is NOT a method used in external recruiting? a. Private employment agencies b. Employee referrals c. Advertising d. Employee resource chart e. State employment services 67. Abbi works at Railroad Ties. Her bosses continually indicate that her motivational level is low. Abbi agrees, but is unwilling to work harder until the company changes the types of reward it offers its employees. Which of the following is low for Abbi? a. E -> P expectancy b. O -> P expectancy c. Valence d. Motivators e. O -> E indicators 68. Linda is viewed by her colleagues as someone who makes productive contributions through talent, knowledge, and good work habits, but she is sometimes hard to work with because of her communication style. Based on the Level 5 leadership spectrum, Linda would be placed in which category? a. Level 1: Highly capable individual b. Level 2: Contributing team member c. Level 3: Competent manager d. Level 4: Effective leader e. Level 5: Level 5 executive 69. With most new employees in the late twenties or early thirties, Albertson & Sons Inc. has learned that helping new employees secure home loans has been a valuable service that pays off in the long term. This is an example of what type of diversity initiative or program? a. Expanding recruitment efforts b. Establishing mentor relationships c. Accommodating special needs d. Providing diversity skills training e. Increasing awareness of sexual harassment 70. Jeff and Rob have a difficult time getting along at work. Most days, Jeff spends a lot of time cracking jokes and goofing off, while Rob constantly nags him and tells him to act like a grownup. On days when Jeff is more reserved, Rob does not nag him, hoping that this will result in improved behavior down the road. This is an example of which form of behavior modification? a. Empowerment b. Extinction c. Punishment d. Avoidance learning e. Positive reinforcement 71. Marissa was recently assigned to a committee whose task is to research new product opportunities. Once this group generates a list of six or seven viable options, it will be disbanded. This group is also known as a _____. a. team b. standing committee c. permanent committee d. task force e. none of these 72. Which of the following techniques reduces the likelihood that behavior will be repeated? a. Positive reinforcement b. Negative reinforcement c. Extinction d. Reward enhancement e. All of these 73. People generally experience _____ when their work matches their needs and interests, when working conditions and rewards (such as pay) are satisfactory, and when the employees like their co-workers. a. job involvement b. extroversion c. cognitive dissonance d. Machiavellianism e. job satisfaction 74. Which of these styles would likely be appropriate for a counseling job? a. Intuitive-feeling b. Sensation-thinking c. Intuitive-thinking d. Sensation-feeling e. None of these. 75. Today’s most successful compamies including directly in the product and service development process. a. employees b. internal buyers c. senior executives d. customers e. all of these 77. Your department has absenteeism standards, a way to measure absenteeism, and, based on your investigation, you have concluded that your department has an excessive absenteeism rate. What should your next step be? a. Set new absenteeism standards. b. Develop new measures of absenteeism. c. Terminate three employees for excessive absenteeism. d. All of these would be good examples of taking corrective action. e. None of these 78. When informing your staff of the date for the company picnic, a _____ would be most practical and successful. a. memo b. telephone conversation c. video conference d. face-to-face conversation e. newspaper notice 79. _____ is an approach that brings together participants from all parts of the organization to discuss problems or opportunities and plan for major change. a. Virtual-group intervention b. Traditional organization development c. Multi-unit intervention d. Strategic planning committee e. Large-group intervention 80. Which term, in goal-setting theory, refers to the need to make goals highly ambitious but achievable? a. Goal specificity b. Goal difficulty c. Goal acceptance d. Feedback e. Goal motivation 81. Use of the balanced scorecard can hinder or decrease organizational performance if it is implemented using which type of orientation? a. Performance management orientation b. Performance measurement orientation c. Customer orientation d. Learning and growth orientation e. Internal business process orientation 82. Which of the following factors is NOT associated with larger span of control? a. Work performed by subordinates is stable and routine. b. Subordinates perform similar work tasks. c. Subordinates are located at various different locations. d. Subordinates are highly trained and need little direction. e. Rules and procedures defining task activities are available 83. Cooltown University recently invited members of its social network group to enter a contest on YouTune to design the best video promoting the university. This is an example of what innovative approach? a. Social group innovation b. Network innovation c. Techsourcing d. Crowdsourcing e. Insourcing 84. At FEI Industries, teams of product developers coordinate their work electronically at the North American, European, and Asian sites to coincide with peak operating hours at each location. Such teams are referred to as a _____. a. project team b. committee c. focus group d. global team e. self-directed team 85. In times of crisis or risk of company failure, authority should be: a. decentralized. b. centralized at the bottom. c. centralized at the top. d. spread through a wide span of management. e. flat. 86. Which of the following is a characteristic of the large-group intervention model? a. Results in incremental change b. Learning for the small group c. Addresses the entire system d. Gradual time frame e. Limited distribution 87. Family and Medical Leave Act require employers to provide up to _____ weeks unpaid leave for childbirth, adoption, or family emergencies. a. 8 b. 12 c. 16 d. 24 e. 52 88. Sylvia is a member of a team that uses e-mail, instant messaging, and blogging to communicate. Although she sees members of her team on breaks and at lunch, Sylvia does not interact with them face-to-face in a professional setting. Sylvia’s team can best be described as a: a. project team. b. global team. c. focus group. d. virtual team. e. self-directed team. 89. All of the following are traditional model dimensions of diversity EXCEPT: a. age. b. sexual orientation. c. religious beliefs. d. physical ability. e. all of these are primary dimensions of diversity. 90. Amanda recently arranged for her company to give away copies of the online game they produce at a videogaming conference. Her goal was to help potential recruits know more about her company. Amanda was involved in _____. a. selection b. training and development c. employer branding d. contingent work e. acqui-hiring 91. An ethnocentric perspective leads to: a. a monoculture. b. diversity in the workplace. c. pluralism. d. ethnorelativism. e. a global perspective. 92. Andy’s subordinates say that they love working for Andy because he inspires them to not only believe in the organization but to believe in their own potential as well. Based on this example, Andy can best be described as what type of leader? a. Transformational b. Servant c. Authentic d. Transactional e. Interactive 93. Which of the following groups is expected to grow the most in employment from 2010 to 2020? a. Hispanic b. Asian c. African American d. European e. White 94. Recruiting methods that are used to promote the hiring, development, and retention of “protected groups” are examples of: a. equal employment opportunity. b. affirmative action. c. illegal discrimination. d. unfair labor practices. e. nepotism. 95. According to Fast Company, in 2013, _____ was ranked as the World’s Most Innovative Company. a. Nike b. Nintendo c. Nokia d. Sony e. Procter & Gamble 96. At LBK Industries, responsibility for quality control rests with a team of quality control inspectors and supervisors rather than with employees. LBK uses what type of organizational control? a. Matrix control b. Hierarchical control c. Decentralized control d. Bottom-up control e. Balanced control 97. Jerome, a manager at Welford Nonprofit Group, is known for his selflessness and willingness to give to others. He likes working in the nonprofit sector because he wants to apply his skills and abilities to serve others who are less fortunate. Based on this information, which type of leader best describes Jerome? a. Level 5 leader b. Servant leader c. Authentic leader d. Transformational leader e. Interactive leader 98. Caia believes that all managers are concerned only about profits – they don’t care about their employees, as long as those employees make money for the company. Caia’s perception is _____. She has made a generalization about a group of people and assigned that generalization to everyone in the group. a. a stereotype b. a halo effect c. an attribution d. a fundamental attribution error e. a self-serving bias 99. A widely used personality test that measures how people differ on all four of Jung’s sets of paired opposites is the ______. a. Keirsey personality test b. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator c. Eysenck Personality Test d. Enneagram Personality Type Detector e. Oxford Capacity Analysis 100. For control, this type of measure is an important part of achieving higher performance. a. Statistical b. Theoritical c. Emotional d. Employee conflict e. Market

Question description

39. _____ change is a change in the organization’s product or service outputs. a. Technology b. Product c. Entrepreneurship d. Creative e. Incremental

40. Left-Right Industries employs a diverse set of individuals with strong personalities. Unfortunately, this means that there is a great deal of interpersonal disagreement among employees. What organizational tool would work best in this circumstance to manage conflict? a. Organizational development b. Skunkwork c. Telecommuting d. Downsizing e. Small-group innovation

41. Salta Communications is a global telecommunications company that has operations on four continents. The CEO’s direct supervisors include VPs for the North American South American, European, and the Asian divisions. Salta can best be described as using what organizational structure? a. Network b. Matrix c. Functional d. Divisional e. Geographic

42. Which of the following refers to a major shift in the norms, values, attitudes, and mindset of the entire organization? a. Organization change b. Organization development c. People change d. Culture change e. Artifact change

43. Will explains to his boss that his computer has a virus, and needs to be scanned and cleaned. This is an example of which topic of upward communication? a. Problems and exceptions b. Suggestions for improvement c. Performance reports d. Grievances and disputes e. Financial and accounting information

44. In the process of implementing the balanced scorecard approach at his company, operations manager Seth Howard wonders whether internal activities and processes add value for customers and shareholders. This involves which dimension of the balanced scorecard? a. Customers b. Learning and growth c. Financials d. External business processes e. Internal business processes

45. Ahmad is a new manager at AJ Homes Company. He has absolutely no experience as a manager nor does he know the technology of his department well. These two factors prevent Ahmad from directing his workforce. This is an example of _____ impacting leadership styles and behaviors. a. substitutes b. neutralizers c. contingencies d. citizenship e. transformation

46. Which of the following is(are) an advantage of team structure? a. Increased barriers among departments b. Unplanned decentralization c. Time and resources spent on meetings d. Less response time, quicker decisions e. All of these

47. Smileline Inc. has an onsite daycare facility and provides employees fulltime daycare at a very low cost. The company implemented this years ago when managers realized that childcare responsibilities were contributing to high turnover and absenteeism. This example highlights which dividend of workplace diversity? a. Better use of employee talent b. Increased understanding of the marketplace c. Increased quality of team problem solving d. Enhanced breadth of understanding in leadership positions e. Reduced costs associated with high turnover, absenteeism, and lawsuits

48. All of the following are questions relevant to human resource planning EXCEPT: a. “What is the current turnover rate?” b. “What is the volume of business expected to be over the next five years?” c. “What was the volume of business over the past five years?” d. “How will new technology affect the organization?” e. All of these are relevant questions for human resource planning.

49. According to the situational theory of Hersey and Blanchard, which of the following leader styles matches up best with low readiness subordinates? a. Delegating style b. Selling style c. Telling style d. Participating style e. None of these

50. Communication is defined by the text as the process by which information is: a. shared. b. exchanged and understood by two or more people, usually with the intent to motivate or influence behavior. c. received. d. transmitted to others. e. stored.

51. Which of the following is tied to the goal of managing talent in organizations? a. Labor relations b. Job analysis c. Wages and salary d. HRM planning e. Training and development

52. Which of the following is not a way to facilitate innovation in an organization? a. Skunkworks b. New-venture team c. Crowdsourcing d. New-venture fund e. Centralized marketing

53. Artie’s Pretzels is a small but well-known company that receives thousands of job applications every year, though it only fills about 50 positions annually. Company managers have learned that Artie’s human resource practices are one of the driving factors that attract potential employees. Artie’s Pretzels is an example of: a. a contingency employer. b. an employer of options. c. an employer of choice. d. an employer of necessity. e. a telecommuter-friendly employer.

54. From the employer’s viewpoint, which of these is part of new social contract? a. Standard training programs b. Limited information c. Incentive compensation d. Routine jobs

55. Wilson is viewed by his boss as driven, tenacious, and hardworking in the pursuit of his goals. These characteristics fit within which category? a. Physical characteristics b. Intelligence and ability c. Work-related characteristics d. Social background e. Social characteristics

56. Total quality management: a. is based on the ideas of Frederick Taylor. b. gives managers total responsibility for achieving quality goals. c. gives all employees the responsibility for achieving quality goals. d. was first successfully implemented in the United States. e. is all of these.

57. Kara and Simon are both middle managers at Gotcha International. Kara is dissatisfied because she knows that Simon makes more in salary even though, in Kara’s opinion, she works longer hours than he does. If Kara wishes to reduce this perceived inequity, what should she do? a. She could reduce the number of hours she works. b. She could increase her level of absenteeism. c. She could ask for a raise. d. All of these. e. She could reduce the number of hours she works and she could ask for a raise only.

58. Flash Card Inc. recently underwent a significant company-wide change that involved revision of its manufacturing and leadership processes. The result of this was a stronger emphasis on horizontal coordination. This level of change is referred to as _____. a. reorganization b. reengineering c. e-engineering d. strategic planning e. corporate structuring

59. Sandra views herself as a tough but fair supervisor. She gives explicit directions to her subordinates about how tasks should be accomplished, but is not always approachable when they come to her with questions. Her employees sometimes feel that she is too gruff and impersonal. Which category on the situational leadership grid does Sandra fit into? a. Following style b. Delegating style c. Participating style d. Telling style e. Selling style

60. Stella, a systems manager for a large technology company, would like to get an understanding of her company’s financial position with respect to assets and liabilities at the end of the fiscal year. Which financial statement should she refer to? a. Income statement b. Activity ratio c. TQM report d. Balance sheet e. Balance scorecard.

.61, Managing emotion is a basic component of emotional intelligence. Which of the following best describes managing emotions? a. It is the basis for all the other components; being aware of what you are feeling. b. It is the ability to balance one’s moods so that worry, anxiety, fear, or anger do not cloud thinking. c. It is the ability to be hopeful and to persist in the face of obstacles. d. It is the ability to be able to put yourself in someone else’s shoes. e. It is the ability to connect to others and build positive relationships.

62. _____ refers to the activities undertaken to attract, develop, and maintain an effective workforce within an organization. a. Human resource management b. Recruitment c. Talent search d. Strategic management e. Operations management

63. The forming stage of team development is characterized by: a. the establishment of order and cohesion. b. cooperation. c. problem solving. d. orientation. e. conflict.

64. Swift Move Facilities manufacturers two different bicycle models. The company produces a high volume of products using standardized production runs. The company does very little product customization. Swift Move uses what type of technology structure? a. Service production b. Mass production c. Large-batch production d. Small-batch production e. Continuous process production

65. Global companies often use a _____ structure to achieve simultaneous coordination of products across countries. a. functional b. divisional c. matrix d. product-based e. process-based

66. Which of the following is NOT a method used in external recruiting? a. Private employment agencies b. Employee referrals c. Advertising d. Employee resource chart e. State employment services

67. Abbi works at Railroad Ties. Her bosses continually indicate that her motivational level is low. Abbi agrees, but is unwilling to work harder until the company changes the types of reward it offers its employees. Which of the following is low for Abbi? a. E -> P expectancy b. O -> P expectancy c. Valence d. Motivators e. O -> E indicators

68. Linda is viewed by her colleagues as someone who makes productive contributions through talent, knowledge, and good work habits, but she is sometimes hard to work with because of her communication style. Based on the Level 5 leadership spectrum, Linda would be placed in which category? a. Level 1: Highly capable individual b. Level 2: Contributing team member c. Level 3: Competent manager d. Level 4: Effective leader e. Level 5: Level 5 executive

69. With most new employees in the late twenties or early thirties, Albertson & Sons Inc. has learned that helping new employees secure home loans has been a valuable service that pays off in the long term. This is an example of what type of diversity initiative or program? a. Expanding recruitment efforts b. Establishing mentor relationships c. Accommodating special needs d. Providing diversity skills training e. Increasing awareness of sexual harassment

70. Jeff and Rob have a difficult time getting along at work. Most days, Jeff spends a lot of time cracking jokes and goofing off, while Rob constantly nags him and tells him to act like a grownup. On days when Jeff is more reserved, Rob does not nag him, hoping that this will result in improved behavior down the road. This is an example of which form of behavior modification? a. Empowerment b. Extinction c. Punishment d. Avoidance learning e. Positive reinforcement

71. Marissa was recently assigned to a committee whose task is to research new product opportunities. Once this group generates a list of six or seven viable options, it will be disbanded. This group is also known as a _____. a. team b. standing committee c. permanent committee d. task force e. none of these

72. Which of the following techniques reduces the likelihood that behavior will be repeated? a. Positive reinforcement b. Negative reinforcement c. Extinction d. Reward enhancement e. All of these

73. People generally experience _____ when their work matches their needs and interests, when working conditions and rewards (such as pay) are satisfactory, and when the employees like their co-workers. a. job involvement b. extroversion c. cognitive dissonance d. Machiavellianism e. job satisfaction

74. Which of these styles would likely be appropriate for a counseling job? a. Intuitive-feeling b. Sensation-thinking c. Intuitive-thinking d. Sensation-feeling e. None of these.

75. Today’s most successful compamies including directly in the product and service development process.

a. employees b. internal buyers c. senior executives d. customers e. all of these

77. Your department has absenteeism standards, a way to measure absenteeism, and, based on your investigation, you have concluded that your department has an excessive absenteeism rate. What should your next step be? a. Set new absenteeism standards. b. Develop new measures of absenteeism. c. Terminate three employees for excessive absenteeism. d. All of these would be good examples of taking corrective action. e. None of these

78. When informing your staff of the date for the company picnic, a _____ would be most practical and successful. a. memo b. telephone conversation c. video conference d. face-to-face conversation e. newspaper notice

79. _____ is an approach that brings together participants from all parts of the organization to discuss problems or opportunities and plan for major change. a. Virtual-group intervention b. Traditional organization development c. Multi-unit intervention d. Strategic planning committee e. Large-group intervention

80. Which term, in goal-setting theory, refers to the need to make goals highly ambitious but achievable? a. Goal specificity b. Goal difficulty c. Goal acceptance d. Feedback e. Goal motivation

81. Use of the balanced scorecard can hinder or decrease organizational performance if it is implemented using which type of orientation? a. Performance management orientation b. Performance measurement orientation c. Customer orientation d. Learning and growth orientation e. Internal business process orientation

82. Which of the following factors is NOT associated with larger span of control? a. Work performed by subordinates is stable and routine. b. Subordinates perform similar work tasks. c. Subordinates are located at various different locations. d. Subordinates are highly trained and need little direction. e. Rules and procedures defining task activities are available

83. Cooltown University recently invited members of its social network group to enter a contest on YouTune to design the best video promoting the university. This is an example of what innovative approach? a. Social group innovation b. Network innovation c. Techsourcing d. Crowdsourcing e. Insourcing

84. At FEI Industries, teams of product developers coordinate their work electronically at the North American, European, and Asian sites to coincide with peak operating hours at each location. Such teams are referred to as a _____. a. project team b. committee c. focus group d. global team e. self-directed team

85. In times of crisis or risk of company failure, authority should be: a. decentralized. b. centralized at the bottom. c. centralized at the top. d. spread through a wide span of management. e. flat.

86. Which of the following is a characteristic of the large-group intervention model? a. Results in incremental change b. Learning for the small group c. Addresses the entire system d. Gradual time frame e. Limited distribution

87. Family and Medical Leave Act require employers to provide up to _____ weeks unpaid leave for childbirth, adoption, or family emergencies. a. 8 b. 12 c. 16 d. 24 e. 52

88. Sylvia is a member of a team that uses e-mail, instant messaging, and blogging to communicate. Although she sees members of her team on breaks and at lunch, Sylvia does not interact with them face-to-face in a professional setting. Sylvia’s team can best be described as

a: a. project team. b. global team. c. focus group. d. virtual team. e. self-directed team.

89. All of the following are traditional model dimensions of diversity EXCEPT: a. age. b. sexual orientation. c. religious beliefs. d. physical ability. e. all of these are primary dimensions of diversity.

90. Amanda recently arranged for her company to give away copies of the online game they produce at a videogaming conference. Her goal was to help potential recruits know more about her company. Amanda was involved in _____. a. selection b. training and development c. employer branding d. contingent work e. acqui-hiring

91. An ethnocentric perspective leads to: a. a monoculture. b. diversity in the workplace. c. pluralism. d. ethnorelativism. e. a global perspective.

92. Andy’s subordinates say that they love working for Andy because he inspires them to not only believe in the organization but to believe in their own potential as well. Based on this example, Andy can best be described as what type of leader? a. Transformational b. Servant c. Authentic d. Transactional e. Interactive

93. Which of the following groups is expected to grow the most in employment from 2010 to 2020? a. Hispanic b. Asian c. African American d. European e. White

94. Recruiting methods that are used to promote the hiring, development, and retention of “protected groups” are examples of: a. equal employment opportunity. b. affirmative action. c. illegal discrimination. d. unfair labor practices. e. nepotism.

95. According to Fast Company, in 2013, _____ was ranked as the World’s Most Innovative Company. a. Nike b. Nintendo c. Nokia d. Sony e. Procter & Gamble

96. At LBK Industries, responsibility for quality control rests with a team of quality control inspectors and supervisors rather than with employees. LBK uses what type of organizational control? a. Matrix control b. Hierarchical control c. Decentralized control d. Bottom-up control e. Balanced control

97. Jerome, a manager at Welford Nonprofit Group, is known for his selflessness and willingness to give to others. He likes working in the nonprofit sector because he wants to apply his skills and abilities to serve others who are less fortunate. Based on this information, which type of leader best describes Jerome? a. Level 5 leader b. Servant leader c. Authentic leader d. Transformational leader e. Interactive leader

98. Caia believes that all managers are concerned only about profits – they don’t care about their employees, as long as those employees make money for the company. Caia’s perception is _____. She has made a generalization about a group of people and assigned that generalization to everyone in the group. a. a stereotype b. a halo effect c. an attribution d. a fundamental attribution error e. a self-serving bias

99. A widely used personality test that measures how people differ on all four of Jung’s sets of paired opposites is the ______. a. Keirsey personality test b. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator c. Eysenck Personality Test d. Enneagram Personality Type Detector e. Oxford Capacity Analysis

100. For control, this type of measure is an important part of achieving higher performance. a. Statistical b. Theoritical c. Emotional d. Employee conflict e. Market

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1. Demand for wheat in Home is given by P = 240 – 4QD and supply of wheat by Home producers is given by P = 4QS. The free trade world price of wheat is $160. a. Solve for Home’s domestic production and consumption under free trade. Is Home a net importer or exporter? (2) b. Suppose Home’s government decides to support Home wheat producers by giving an export subsidy of $40 (and restricts wheat imports at the same time). Assume Home is small in the world market for wheat. Please compute and show on a graph the quantities of wheat produced and consumed at Home and price of wheat in Home both in free trade with the export subsidy. (6) c. Please compute and show on a graph the effect of the export subsidy on Home’s consumer surplus, producer surplus, and the government budget. What is the effect on Home’s welfare? (8) d. Next assume that Home is large enough to affect the world price of wheat, and that as a result of the $40 export subsidy, the world price of wheat falls to $140. Please compute and show on a graph the quantities of wheat produced and consumed at Home and the price of wheat in Home with the export subsidy. (6) e. Please compute and show on a graph the quantities of wheat produced and consumed at Home and price of wheat in Home both in free trade with the export subsidy under the assumption that Home is large in the world wheat market (setting in part d). (8) 2. Suppose Boeing and Airbus are competing in a market of an aircraft with demand P = 100 – QD. The fixed cost of production is 100 and marginal cost is 20. Suppose the market is perfect competitive when both firms are in the market, and when there is only one firm, that firm is able to price monopolistically. a. Show that the entry decisions of the two firms constitute a game with the following payoff matrix: (6) (Hint: compute each firm’s profits in different cases) Airbus Boeing (Boeing, Airbus) Produce Not produce Produce (-100,-100) (1500,0) Not produce (0,1500) (0,0) b. Which outcomes are Nash equilibria? Briefly explain. (4) c. The European government commits itself to pay a lump sum production subsidy to Airbus. Show that the minimum lump sum production subsidy offered by EU that guarantees Airbus’s entry is 100. Write down the payoff matrix when the subsidy of 100 is given to Airbus. Under this case, what will be the outcome and net gain/loss for EU? (7) d. What is a limitation of the above analysis on practical policy making? (3) 3. Answer the following questions about the American automobile industry in the 1980s. ai. It is noted that US imported cars from Japan and exported cars to Japan (for your information, a Ford commercial in Japan is included on the next page). What is this trade pattern called? (2) ii. What is the driving force for the trade pattern in part a? Is this trade pattern consistent with trade patterns as predicted by comparative advantage? (5) iii. Suppose US and Japanese firms differ in production technologies such that Japanese firms have lower marginal costs in general. What are the effects of trade on different firms? Who are the winners and losers? (3) The US government stipulated the Japanese to impose a voluntary export restrain on Japanese cars that limits the cars imported to US. The VER is estimated to cause a $10 billion surplus to related sectors in US. On the other hand, the consumer loss is estimated to be $13 billion. b. If everyone has a vote to decide which policy to implement, explain what would the voted policy be according to the median voter theorem. Does the theorem predict that the VER will be enacted? How would you address the discrepancy of its prediction with the fact that VER is enacted? (5) c. The estimation in the first research takes into account the increase in price and increase in profits for domestic producers, i.e. consumer and producer surpluses. There are claims that argue estimations based on economic models do not capture the true welfare effects. What are 2 examples of these social benefits that are not accounted? (4) d. Some advocate for a production subsidy for domestic production and claim that it generates a higher welfare than the VER. Explain in words or show on a graph. (4) e. Suggest another “first best” policy that can also stimulate domestic production of cars. (2) 4. Long Questions. Write one short paragraph for each of the following questions. a. Explain why import-substituting industrialization and export-oriented growth cannot be carried out at the same time. Do you agree that trade policies contributed a major part to the growth of developing countries? Explain which regime you think works better in stimulating economic growth (explain too if your answer is neither). You may illustrate your argument with an exmaple of a developing country of your choice. (15) b. Adding labor standard regulations is a trend in trade negotiations. For example, the TPP’s Labor chapter reiterates that all members should adopt and maintain the labor rights. It also calls for all participants to end child labor and forced labor, allow for collectively bargain, maintain a minimum-wage, and safety and health standards. Do you agree that these terms should be included as a part of trade agreements? Explain. (10) 6 days ago requirements

1. Demand for wheat in Home is given by P = 240 – 4QD and supply of wheat by Home producers is given by P = 4QS. The free trade world price of wheat is $160.

a. Solve for Home’s domestic production and consumption under free trade. Is Home a net importer or exporter? (2)

b. Suppose Home’s government decides to support Home wheat producers by giving an export subsidy of $40 (and restricts wheat imports at the same time). Assume Home is small in the world market for wheat. Please compute and show on a graph the quantities of wheat produced and consumed at Home and price of wheat in Home both in free trade with the export subsidy. (6)

c. Please compute and show on a graph the effect of the export subsidy on Home’s consumer surplus, producer surplus, and the government budget. What is the effect on Home’s welfare? (8)

d. Next assume that Home is large enough to affect the world price of wheat, and that as a result of the $40 export subsidy, the world price of wheat falls to $140. Please compute and show on a graph the quantities of wheat produced and consumed at Home and the price of wheat in Home with the export subsidy. (6)

e. Please compute and show on a graph the quantities of wheat produced and consumed at Home and price of wheat in Home both in free trade with the export subsidy under the assumption that Home is large in the world wheat market (setting in part d). (8)

2. Suppose Boeing and Airbus are competing in a market of an aircraft with demand P = 100 – QD. The fixed cost of production is 100 and marginal cost is 20. Suppose the market is perfect competitive when both firms are in the market, and when there is only one firm, that firm is able to price monopolistically.

a. Show that the entry decisions of the two firms constitute a game with the following payoff matrix: (6)
(Hint: compute each firm’s profits in different cases)

Airbus
Boeing (Boeing, Airbus) Produce Not produce
Produce (-100,-100) (1500,0)
Not produce (0,1500) (0,0)

b. Which outcomes are Nash equilibria? Briefly explain. (4)

c. The European government commits itself to pay a lump sum production subsidy to Airbus. Show that the minimum lump sum production subsidy offered by EU that guarantees Airbus’s entry is 100. Write down the payoff matrix when the subsidy of 100 is given to Airbus. Under this case, what will be the outcome and net gain/loss for EU? (7)

d. What is a limitation of the above analysis on practical policy making? (3)
3. Answer the following questions about the American automobile industry in the 1980s.

ai. It is noted that US imported cars from Japan and exported cars to Japan (for your information, a Ford commercial in Japan is included on the next page). What is this trade pattern called? (2)

ii. What is the driving force for the trade pattern in part a? Is this trade pattern consistent with trade patterns as predicted by comparative advantage? (5)

iii. Suppose US and Japanese firms differ in production technologies such that Japanese firms have lower marginal costs in general. What are the effects of trade on different firms? Who are the winners and losers? (3)

The US government stipulated the Japanese to impose a voluntary export restrain on Japanese cars that limits the cars imported to US. The VER is estimated to cause a $10 billion surplus to related sectors in US. On the other hand, the consumer loss is estimated to be $13 billion.

b. If everyone has a vote to decide which policy to implement, explain what would the voted policy be according to the median voter theorem. Does the theorem predict that the VER will be enacted? How would you address the discrepancy of its prediction with the fact that VER is enacted? (5)

c. The estimation in the first research takes into account the increase in price and increase in profits for domestic producers, i.e. consumer and producer surpluses. There are claims that argue estimations based on economic models do not capture the true welfare effects. What are 2 examples of these social benefits that are not accounted? (4)

d. Some advocate for a production subsidy for domestic production and claim that it generates a higher welfare than the VER. Explain in words or show on a graph. (4)

e. Suggest another “first best” policy that can also stimulate domestic production of cars. (2)
4. Long Questions. Write one short paragraph for each of the following questions.

a. Explain why import-substituting industrialization and export-oriented growth cannot be carried out at the same time. Do you agree that trade policies contributed a major part to the growth of developing countries? Explain which regime you think works better in stimulating economic growth (explain too if your answer is neither). You may illustrate your argument with an exmaple of a developing country of your choice. (15)

b. Adding labor standard regulations is a trend in trade negotiations. For example, the TPP’s Labor chapter reiterates that all members should adopt and maintain the labor rights. It also calls for all participants to end child labor and forced labor, allow for collectively bargain, maintain a minimum-wage, and safety and health standards. Do you agree that these terms should be included as a part of trade agreements? Explain. (10)

6 days ago

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Teaching Strategies Watch ADHD classroom strategies (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Post your reaction to the video. Which strategies did Dr. Jonas Bromberg and Jon Weinberger discuss that you found interesting? What tips do you feel might work best? What are three additional teaching strategies you believe may work for students with ADHD? Journal options: Create a written reflection journal Create a Jing (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. reflection using a screencast Create a Voki (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. reflection using a talking avatar Participate in a peer dialogue reflection, where you discuss the questions above with a peer or colleague and write a reflection based on your discussion Carefully review the Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your journal entries.

Teaching Strategies Watch ADHD classroom strategies (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Post your reaction to the video. Which strategies did Dr. Jonas Bromberg and Jon Weinberger discuss that you found interesting? What tips do you feel might work best? What are three additional teaching strategies you believe may work for students with ADHD?

Journal options:

Create a written reflection journal Create a Jing (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. reflection using a screencast Create a Voki (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. reflection using a talking avatar Participate in a peer dialogue reflection, where you discuss the questions above with a peer or colleague and write a reflection based on your discussion Carefully review the Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your journal entries.

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ADHD Characteristics and Accommodations After completing the required reading resources, summarize the behavioral and academic characteristics of students with ADHD. Describe three practical accommodations, not listed in the required reading that you might need to use in your classroom. Explain why you chose the three and how you would implement the accommodations.

ADHD Characteristics and Accommodations After completing the required reading resources, summarize the behavioral and academic characteristics of students with ADHD. Describe three practical accommodations, not listed in the required reading that you might need to use in your classroom. Explain why you chose the three and how you would implement the accommodations.

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